Faculty of Management
Central Department of Public Administration Kathmandu, Nepal
Master of Philosophy in Public Administration Entrance Test
Attempt all questions (Script: English) Time: 1.30 hrs Full Marks: 100
Group A: Public Administration and Public Policy (2×20 = 40)
- What do you understand by governance? Discuss its key features.
- Government makes policies to address the problems that hinder smooth translation of public needs into benefits. Discuss this statement in the light of studying public policy.
Group B: Research Methodology (2×15 = 30)
- What is research problem? How do you identify it? Discuss briefly.
- Explain the significance of hypothesis in the research.
Group C: English (2×15 = 30)
- Write a critical review on ‘administrative capability for development’ (not exceeding 500 words)
- Comprehend the following passage (not exceeding 50 words)
Informal communication is just as important to the survival and success of the organization as formal communication. It might seem that extensive use of informal communications would indicate sloppiness and disorganization. But actually, informal communication is necessarily an integral part of any complex organization. If all the actions required written instructions and written responses, 90 percent of everyone’s time would be spent writing memos. Informal communication is quicker and often more efficient. Also, it is often more satisfying because it is personal. Research has demonstrated that most executives have a strong preference for informal communication because it saves time and allows one to interject personal nuances into communication through facial expressions, tone of voice, body language, and like. Also inform communication provides instant feedback and thus instant adjustments in content, meaning, and nuance. While it is not clear whether informal communication complements formal communication, we can conclude that informal communication often meets the needs that cannot be met through formal channels. But informal communication channels are more flexible and allow the employee to circumvent prescribed communication procedure.